Anitkabir Tour | Anitkabir Attractions | Anitkabir Soldiers
October 25, 2021
We researched all the details you were wondering about the trip to Anıtkabir. If you want to visit the final resting place of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of our Republic, it would be useful to take a look at our content before you go. In addition, a trip to Anıtkabir is one of the best ways to introduce Atatürk, one of the most important leaders of the Turkish nation, to our children and youth. In addition to this, let’s remember how much importance the Great Leader Mustafa Kemal Atatürk gave to youth:
“We will leave everything to the youth. That youth who will not forget anything, they are the hope of the future, their radiant flowers. All of my hope is in the youth.”
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
So, what should you pay attention to when visiting Anıtkabir? When was the Anıtkabir built? Is Anıtkabir open all days of the week? Must-see places in Turkey We discover all the details about Anıtkabir.
Where is Anitkabir?
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk’s mausoleum is located in the Anıttepe district of Ankara’s Çankaya district.
How to go to Anıtkabir?
You can go to Anıtkabir with a personal vehicle or you can use the public transportation system. If you came to Ankara by intercity bus, take AŞTİ to Ankara. Afterwards, get off at Anadolu (Tandoğan) station. You can reach the mausoleum in a 5-minute walk.
You can reach Anıtkabir with an average of 15 minutes’ walk from Ankara Train Station. In addition, if you are planning to pass through Esenboğa Airport, it is most convenient to reach by a personal vehicle.
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Anıtkabir Visiting Hours
The opening and closing hours of Anıtkabir, the eternal resting place of our great leader, change periodically. Also for up-to-date information Official page of the Turkish Armed Forces you can visit. The hours open to visitors as of 2021 are as follows:
15 May – 31 October 2021
1 November 2021 – 31 January 2022
You can visit the mausoleum of our Father every day between these hours.
Anıtkabir Entrance Fee 2021
Entrance to Anıtkabir is free. In addition, you can visit all parts of the building complex free of charge.
Is There a Parking Lot in Anıtkabir?
There is a parking lot in Anıtkabir. Moreover, this parking lot is free. If you are going to Anıtkabir by car, you can park your car in this car park. To get to the car park, continue from the Tandoğan entrance on Genç Caddesi. If you are traveling with sick or disabled passengers, you can also park your vehicle at the point where the elevator is located.
On November 10, 1938, the hero of Turkish miracles in the War of Independence, the first president of the Republic of Turkey, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, passed away.
After his death, the authorities took action for a mausoleum befitting our ancestors in the capital Ankara. First, the land was determined. Later, the land was expropriated. After the project was determined, the groundwork was laid on October 9, 1944.
Who is the Architect of Anıtkabir? By Who Was Anıtkabir Built?
Before the Anıtkabir was built, the government held a project competition. The projects would be presented to a jury and the jury would decide on the structure. 27 of the participating works belonged to foreign artists and 20 of them belonged to Turkish artists. Lastly, the project of Emin Onat and Orhan Arda was accepted.
In other words, the architect of Anıtkabir consists of two names: Emin Onat and Orhan Arda.
For What Purpose Was Anıtkabir Built?
It was built to be the final resting place of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. In addition, there are museums, memoirs, botanical garden and visitor book in the building complex.
Anitkabir Architectural Features
We often come across Seljuk and Ottoman motifs in the architectural features of the mausoleum. You can see the Seljuk stonework on the exterior and where the walls meet the roof. You can also find many similar examples.
In Turkish architecture, the years between 1940 and 1950 are called the 2nd National Architecture Period. More monumental buildings were built during this period. These were buildings that gave importance to symmetry and used mostly cut stone materials. Anıtkabir is a good example of these buildings!
The mausoleum covers an area of approximately 750,000 square meters. It is divided into two parts, the Peace Park and the Monument Block.
You will visit the last resting place of Atatürk, the leader of the Turkish Republic. So, what to see in Anıtkabir? There is much to discover in the mausoleum, which contains many figures from Turkish history.
Museums to see in Turkey How would you like to take a look at our article?
Monument Block: Anitkabir Tour
We know the whole area of Aslanlı Yolu, Mausoleum and Ceremonial Square under the name of Monument Block.
The Tandogan entrance will take you to the Lion Road. Istiklal Tower and Hürriyet Tower are the first structures you will see here. You will also see 24 Hittite-style lion statues along the way. These represent the 24 Oghuz tribes.
There are 10 towers in total in the mausoleum. The names of these towers symbolize the existence of our republic. The name of the tower to the right of the Tandoğan entrance is Istiklal Tower. A young man holding a sword symbolizes the freedom and liberty of the Turkish nation. In addition, the eagle relief symbolizes youth and power.
Freedom Tower: Anitkabir Tour
The name of the tower on the left of the Lion Road is Hürriyet Tower. There are many reliefs on this tower, and two stand out: the angel and the rearing horse. The horse relief symbolizes freedom and independence. The angel in his hand symbolizes the sacredness of independence. The paper he holds in his hand means the Declaration of Freedom.
Barış Park is covered with trees from various foreign countries and different parts of Turkey. There are various kinds of plants and trees in the park, which symbolizes the philosophy of the Great Leader Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, “Peace at home, peace in the world”.
At the end of the Lion Road, there is a ceremonial area with a capacity of 15,000 people. This is where the crowds you see at the mausoleum ceremonies are located. When you look at the ground you will see yellow, black, red and white stones. 373 carpet and kilim patterns are formed with these stones.
Mehmetçik Tower: Anitkabir Tour
At the end of the Lion Road, there is the Mehmetçik Tower. Here you can review the books about the National Struggle and Anıtkabir.
Female Sculpture Group
At the last part of the Lion Road, you will see 3 statues of women in mourning. The statues of women wear our national clothes. A statue of a woman is mourning, covering her face with her hand. One of the other statues symbolizes fertility with a thick wreath in his hand. In addition, the other statue holds a vessel symbolizing God’s mercy.
Male Sculpture Group
At the end of the Lion Road, you will also see a group of male sculptures consisting of 3 figures. The soldier symbolizes the Turkish army. In addition, the traditionally dressed figure symbolizes the Turkish people. There is also the figure of a young man, in which you can see a book in his hand. He symbolizes the Turkish intellectual.
Along with these, the other sections you can see in the mausoleum are as follows.
23 April Tower
Metsmet İnönü Lahdi
National Pact Tower
Flagpole and Pedestal
Defense of Law Tower
Hall of Fame
Alagöz Headquarters Tower
The mausoleum guards the guards. First, respect guards are selected from among the soldiers according to certain criteria. In addition, special training is given to selected soldiers. 7 respect guards stand motionless for a full 1 hour and change the guard with a special ceremony.
Who is the Commander of Anıtkabir (2021) ?
As of October 2021, Colonel Hakan Osman Sert is in command of the mausoleum.